The Summer Palace: A Brief IntroductionThe Summer Palace landscape, dominated mainly by Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake, covers an area of 3.08 square kilometers, three quarters of which is under water. Its 70,000 square meters of building space features a variety of palaces, gardens and other ancient-style architectural structures. Well known for its large and priceless collection of cultural relics, it was among the first group of historical and cultural heritage sites in China to be placed under special state protection.
The Summer Palace, originally named Qingyi Yuan or the Garden of Clear Ripples, was first constructed in 1750. It was razed to the ground by the Anglo-French Allied Forces in 1860. The Government of the Qing Dynasty started to rebuild it in 1886 with funds that it hadmisappropriated from the Imperial Navy and other sources. Renamed two years later as Yihe Yuan or the Garden of Health and Harmony, it was supposed to serve as a summer resort for the Empress Dowager Cixi. Known also as the Summer Palace, it was ravaged by the Allied Forces of the Eight Powers that invaded China in 1900. The damage was repaired in 1902. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the Summer Palace has undergone several major renovations. Its major attractions such as the Four Great Regions, Suzhou Street, the Pavilion of Bright Scenery, the Hall of Serenity, the WenchangGalleries and the Plowing and Weaving Scenery Area have been successively restored.
The Summer Palace is a monument to classical Chinese architecture, in terms of both garden design and construction. Borrowing scenes from surrounding landscapes, it radiates not only the grandeur of an imperial garden but also the beauty of nature in a seamless combination that best illustrates the guiding principle of traditional Chinese garden design: “The works of men should match the works of Heaven”. In December 1998, UNESCO included the Summer Palace on its World Heritage List with the following comments: 1) The Summer Palace in Beijing is an outstanding expression of the creative art of Chineselandscape garden design, incorporating the works of humankind and nature in a harmonious whole; 2) The Summer Palace epitomizes the philosophy and practice of Chinese garden design, which played a key role in the development of this cultural form throughout the east; 3) The imperial Chinese garden, illustrated by the Summer Palace, is a potent symbol of one of the major world civilizations.
This notice is made according to Beijing Parks Regulation adopted at the 37th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the 11th Municipal People's Congress of Beijing on October 17, 2002.
1,The Summer Palace, as state key protection unit of cultural relics, is a treasure of Chinese culture. In Dec. 1998, it was listed in the directory of World Cultural Heritage by United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), so any visitors at home and abroad should protect it well.
2,The Summer Palace manages and protects cultural relics and sights inside by laws & regulation, and has the right in prohibiting the behaviors to destroy them and claiming compensation.
3, Any visitors are not allowed to cross, climb, smoke, swim, skate, fish, spit, foul and litter and so on.
4,Any visitors are not allowed to camp, cook, fish, capture animals and dig plants inside.
5,Any visitors are not allowed to paint and carve on the buildings, ground, stone, facility and tree, and to pick the flowers and spoil the lawn and trees.
6,The north of pavilion of Wenchang and the east of Jiehu Bridge are fist-level fire-proof non-smoking zone, where anyone is not allowed to smoke there.
7,Don’t carry any guns, catapult, hazard materials and any animals into the Summer Palace.
8,Expect for hand-powered wheelchairs and baby carriers used by the aged, the handicapped, and children, any other vehicle are not allowed to enter without any permission.
9,Don’t go after the visitors for sale and go in for other unapproved businesses.
10,The professional camera equipments are not allowed to use inside without any permission.
11, Without any permission, don’t perform, sing and make a noise so as to influence and disturb other visitors.
12,The tour guides inside must have guide qualification.
Busy Season: （From April 1 to Oct. 31）
Slack Season（From Nov. 1 to Mar. 31 next year）
After the tickets stop selling, the visitors are not allowed to enter, and to leave on time.
14,Consultation Telephone : 62881144--6285.
RMB ¥20/RMB ¥30
Note:These price do not include the admission to the following scenic spots inside the Summer Palace
RMB ¥50/RMB ¥60
Garden of Virtue and Harmony
Admissions to the following scenic spots inside the Summer Palace
Tower of the Fragrance of the Buddha
Suzhou Street&Hall of Serenity
Pleasure Boat Route:
Marble Boat——South Lake Island.
South Lake Island——Marble Boat.
Shizhang Ting——Bronze Ox.
Bronze Ox——Shizhang Ting.
Paiyun Dian——South Lake Island——Paiyun Dian
Price： RMB ¥15.
Yuzao Xuan Dock: Pedal Boats＼ Electric Battery Boats.
Paiyun Dian Dock: Pedal Boats＼Electric Battery Boats.
Yulan Tang Dock: Pedal Boats.
Wenchang Ge Dock: Pedal Boats＼ Electric Battery Boats.
Kuoru Ting Dock:Pedal Boats＼Rowing Boats.
Rowing Boats:4 persons, 60 yuan per hour.
Pedal Boats:4 persons, 60 yuan per hour.
Pedal Boats:6 persons, 80 yuan per hour.
Electric Battery Boats:4 persons, 80 yuan per hour.
Electric Battery Boats:6 persons, 120 yuan per hour.
Food and beverage service:
Tingliguan was built by the emperor Qianlong to celebrate his mother's birthday in 1750.The theater was named "the hall for listening to orioles",because in old time,people often compared beautiful voice to the singing of orioles.Later became a place for Dowager Cixi,relatives of emperor, high officials and dignities to watch Peking operas and holding banquets.Now the restaurant is specializing in imperial court cuisine and is famous for having received over two hundred leaders home and abroad.
Dinner is reserved by reservation.
Plan Your trips
From East Palace Gate：
One hour route: East Palace Gate——Hall of Benevolence and Longevity——Garden of Virtue and Harmony——Hall of Jade Ripples——Yiyun Hall——Hall of Happiness in Longevity——Long Corridor——Hall that Dispels the Clouds.
2-hour route: East Palace Gate——Hall of Benevolence and Longevity——Garden of Virtue and Harmony——Hall of Happiness in Longevity——Long Corridor——Hall that Dispels the Clouds.—— Clear and Peaceful Boat——Suzhou Street.
2.5-hour route: East Palace Gate——Hall of Benevolence and Longevity——Garden of Virtue and Harmony——Hall of Jade Ripples——Yiyun Hall——Hall of Happiness in Longevity——Long Corridor——Hall that Dispels the Clouds Tower of the Fragrance of the Buddha——Suzhou Street.
From North Palace Gate：
One hour route: North Palace Gate——Suzhou Street ——Tower of Cloud-Retaining Eaves—— Clear and Peaceful Boat——Long Corridor——Hall that Dispels the Clouds.
2-hour route: North Palace Gate——Suzhou Street ——Tower of Cloud-Retaining Eaves—— Clear and Peaceful Boat——Long Corridor——Hall that Dispels the Clouds——Hall of Happiness in Longevity——Garden of Virtue and Harmony——Hall of Benevolence and Longevity.
2.5-hour route: North Palace Gate——Suzhou Street—— Tower of the Fragrance of the Buddha——Hall that Dispels the Clouds——Long Corridor——Hall of Happiness in Longevity——Yiyun Hall——Hall of Jade Ripples——Garden of Virtue and Harmony——Hall of Benevolence and Longevity.
From New Palace Gate：
1.5-hour route: New Palace Gate ——Bronze Ox ——East Causeway——Wenchang Tower—— Hall of Benevolence and Longevity——Garden of Virtue and Harmony——Hall of Jade Ripples ——Yiyun Hall—— Hall of Happiness in Longevity—— Long Corridor.
2-hour route: New Palace Gate ——Bronze Ox ——East Causeway——Wenchang Tower—— Hall of Benevolence and Longevity——Garden of Virtue and Harmony——Hall of Jade Ripples ——Yiyun Hall—— Hall of Happiness in Longevity—— Long Corridor——Hall that Dispels the Clouds.
2.5-hour route: New Palace Gate ——Bronze Ox ——East Causeway——Wenchang Tower—— Hall of Benevolence and Longevity——Garden of Virtue and Harmony——Hall of Jade Ripples ——Yiyun Hall—— Hall of Happiness in Longevity——Hall that Dispels the Clouds——Tower of the Fragrance of the Buddha ——Suzhou Street.